The History of Podcasting

It all came about in the 1980s, before the onset of the World Wide Web, when the Radio Computing Services or RCS, supplied the radio stations with talk-related and music software that were digital. Multicast Network was utilised to spread video and audio files. This was prior to the online MIDI (music digital) format together with Mbone distribution, which was a multicast network. The Mbone was primarily used by research and educational institutes all throughout the internet, though there were alternatives such as audio talk shows.

The origins of podcasting are mainly fixed in webradio. Podcasting would certainly not be possible if not for the internet. A merging of technologies and factors eventually made the possibility of podcasting coming to life in 2003.

Dave Winer, Tristan Louis and Adam Curry, are among the original founders of podcasting. They teamed up back in 2001 in utilising each of the media content they owned together with RSS technology to support the original model of podcasts.

A lot of other websites and jukeboxes supported a system for selecting and sorting audio or music files, segue broadcasts and talk of various digital formats. There was an insignificant number of websites that supported services for audio subscriptions and during the earlier days of the Internet radio in 1993, an Internet Talk Radio was launched by Carl Malamud. This was the first talk show for computer-radio held once a week, that interviews people that are experts in computer. The recorded sessions were made as audio files and were distributed to and collected by the computer users.

Before the release of Napster, the downloaded music development has not reached a reproachful number an alternative classification of aggregating music, but this is in the absence of the subscription services supported by video blogging collection or podcasting or system software. Apart from the progress of podcasting via RSS, a music download system and a portable player have been made at Compaq Research in the year 1999 or 2000 and the first MP3 player, named PocketDJ which was hard-disk based, would have been released as a successor or an aid for the Personal Jukebox.

The Applian Technologies of San Francisco, California launched Replay Radio in 1991, which was renamed later to Replay AV. This is like a TiVo recorder for Internet Radio Programs. Aside from recording audio and scheduling, a Direct Download link was one of its features. This feature searches a site for radio publishers for a new file and directly copies the file to the hard disk of a PC. WebTalkGuys World Radio Show, created by Dana and Rob Greenle, was the first radio program to broadcast in the Replay AV format.

Additionally, the materialization of the Internet Transmission Control Protocol has been adopted as an official standard in 1984, which granted audio to be transmitted digitally to the internet in an easier way. And again by 1999, the evolution of the proper software, multi port microphones, and internet connections with faster speeds granted the possibility of audio downloading and uploading in an easier way. Furthermore, the first classification that allowed automatic downloading, storage and selection of continuous intermittent audio composition on portable devices and on PCs was released by i2Go, one of the early MP3 player inventors, on September 2000. Also, to support the content for the MP3 players, i2Go launched MyAudio2Go.com which allowed the users to upload music, sports, news, weather and entertainment. This application lasted for more than a year until the dot-com crash.

Accompanying the efforts he has started, Winer showed the RSS enclosure by attaching a song in his weblog, called Scripting News. Collectively, everything that was essential for podcasting was an approach to transfer audio files from the download folder of Radio Userland to either hardware or a software audio player automatically. Stephen Downes also showed syndication and aggregation of his list of audios in his ED Radio feature. This feature searched MP3 files from RSS feeds, gathering them to a single file creating the outcome as Webjay audio files or SMIL.

Not giving up, Winer and his friends arranged the first conference for Bloggercon weblogger at Berkman Center wherein Harold Gilchrist demonstrated an audioblogging history and Kevin Marks presented a script to upload RSS enclosures and submitted them to iTunes to be moved to an iPod. This was in October 2003.

In November 2003, the AudioFeast company (renamed to Podbridge and then to VoloMedia later) files an unconcealed feature for “Method for Providing Episodic Media” with the USPTO according to its duty in managing the AudioFeast service which was released on September 2004. The media-in-newsfeed concept was recognized by many developer groups. IPodderX (renamed Transistr later) was the very first client for podcasting. iPodderx was created by Ray Slakinski and August Trometer. It was mainly released for the Mac, and later for the PC. Shortly after, iSpider, another group, changed their software brand to iPodder, and launched it by the same brand name as free software. Also not giving up, Adam Curry released a mailing list, Slashdot had more than a hundred message forum, calling attention to the development of podcasting projects in progress.

Progress was noticed on November 2004, as networks for podcasting began appearing with podcasters who became affiliated with each other. GodCast Network was the first and then Podcast Network followed. More networks continued to appear. Seeing this progress, Apple financed its claim on the device by making podcasting an application to its iTunes 4.9 music software in June 2005. Apple also built a podcast directory on the iTunes Music Store. They advertised invention of podcast with the help of its QuickTime Pro software and GarageBand, replaced MP3 with MPEG 4 Audio (M4A).

Amazingly, even George W. Bush, a former U.S. president, has become a podcaster in July 2005 and exactly one year after following the number of hits on Google for “podcasts”, Google has reported more than a hundred million hits on “podcasts”.

The very first Podcasting Conference and Portable Media Expo took place in Ontario, California, on November 2005, at the Ontario Convention Center and it has now become a conference held annually which is termed as the Podcast and New Media Expo. Podcast was labelled “the word of the year in 2005″ on third of December of the same year, by the New Oxford American Dictionary. Finally, podcast has been in the dictionary since 2006.

In March 2007, Jack and Stench, a popular On Air talent in Los Angeles, California, began a podcast which was a subscription based, and their very own. The subscription was at USD5 per registration. The loyal fans who subscribed were able to listen to an hour podcast without commercials. As of March of the year 2012, with more than a thousand and two hundred podcasts, and after having five successful years, The Jack and Stench program is most susbcribed and by far the longest running podcast.

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